All Intensive Poultry Units (IPUs) within the Wye Catchment which are subject to permitting by either the EA or NRW must have had approved by the end of 2022 a Manure Management Plan (MMP). This will entail the chicken litter produced by the IPU (which historically has been spread locally) being appropriately processed and then removed from the Wye Catchment, where a significant Phosphate (P) surplus exists within the region’s soils. It will then be transported to arable farming locations elsewhere the UK, where the soils have a proven P deficit, thus enabling the substitution of imported synthetic phosphate fertilisers. Once approved, these MMPs must be fully implemented by the end of 2023. The same must apply to ADs, whereby any digestate outputs containing nutrients must be exported out of the catchment on the same basis as above.